LINE-DANCING OVER TIME AND OVER THE WORLD
WHAT IS LINE-DANCING?
mostly choreographed dance, repeated sequence of steps, one or more rows/lines, execute steps at same time, performed repeatedly, country or Western music, facing each other or in same direction often not in physical contact with each other, popular, as opposed to performance http://www.roots-boots.net/ldance/history.html
What we do today https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=s_qpAtCjNnE evolved from the old "Contra" dances that were very popular in the New England States from the early 1800's https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RsvBiTfY7lI.
Contra style dances are still popular but in a slightly different form. In the 1800's two lines would form, men on one side, women on the other. The partners would join between the two lines and generally do their own routine down the middle. When they reached the end of the lines, they parted and moved back into their respective lines and the next couple would begin. The "Stroll" from back in the 1940's is a good example of this style of dance https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UrGLNtZ0rEg
Historical examples with Video
- Older "line dances" have lines in which the dancers face each other, or the "line" is a circle, or all dancers in the "line" follow a leader around the dance floor; while holding the hand of the dancers beside them.
- The absence of a physical connection between dancers is, however, a distinguishing feature of country western line dance.
- Line dances have accompanied many popular music styles since the early 1970s including pop, swing, rock and roll, disco, Latin (Salsa Suelta), and Jazz.
late 50’s: The Madison https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=w6QWoLXJ9Z4
60’s: “Compared to many dances of the previous decades, partners were no longer needed…” http://dance.lovetoknow.com/Famous_Dances_in_the_Sixties
The Loco-motion https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jOnrxGgID_w
- Walkin' Wazi https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6OYWmy9xETI
- Cowboy Boogie https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LS42JS0f5dE&list=RDLS42JS0f5dE#t=0
- Tush Push https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jQTuKYreGFk
- L.A. Hustle https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=u-FhczpCZ84&index=2&list=RD1UDBYiR_ZK4
- Bus Stop https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1SGBqK-67T4
- Nutbush https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aXpkScjXtnk
- Electric Slide https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IdW34v1Fqbs was a Disco-based line dance created and popularized in the mid-1970s.
- Boot Scootin' Boogie https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Qv8w8vtGnjI was choreographed by Bill Bader in October
- Achy Breaky Heart https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=B-ne24K7hQA
- Swamp Thang https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UVp4_tbe0Fs
- Chicken Dance https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TdoveM5kA-E
- …danced in a circle, is an example of a line dance adopted by the Mod revival during the 1980s.
… period country western music was influenced by the popularity of line dancing. This influence was so great that Chet Atkins was quoted as saying "The music has gotten pretty bad, I think. It's all that damn line dancing."
- 5,6,7,8 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=o8eIqTgMuME
- Gap’s Khaki Country https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7Zr5lZWx9X0
- Crazy Little Thing Called Love https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8TCNMajhEU8
- Macarena https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i1im74-XgYA…hit based on a line dance in the mid-1990s.
…now uses more than just the "stereotypical" country music, in fact line dancers dance to most styles of music: country as well as modern pop, Irish, Latin just to name a few.
…sometimes combined on dance programs with other forms of country-western dance, such as two-step, and western promenade dances, as well as western-style variants of the waltz, polka and swing.
Line dancing reached Europe, nourished by the arrival of Country Music Television, and in 2008 gained the attention of the French government.
LINE DANCERS DO
ENJOY MUSIC that reflects the level of comfort doing choreographed steps and corresponds to responses of movements and emotions.
EXPERIEINCE CAMARADERIE with strangers and/or friends in close yet individual space.
KEEPTHE BEAT to four-count music with repeated steps mirrored by others.
FOCUS ON THE MUSIC, THE STEPS AND THEIR MOVEMENTS rather than anyone’s dress, ability, age, size, gender or culture.
LINE DANCERS' BENEFITS
ELEVATES ENTHUSIASM driven by a personally pleasurable style of music.
RELEASES REPRESSIONS of emotions, mental activity, physical motion or social anxiety.
REDUCES WEIGHT by dancing routinely.
INCREASES COORDINATION by relieving stiff joints, better posture and more moveable joints.
PROVIDES SOCIAL OUTLET for those low on social availability or capacity.
“It is probably even more effective to combine complex physical training with cognitive training. Insofar, natural exercises such as regular dancing which affect physical, coordinative and cognitive functions, offer the maximum benefit to preserve and even improve physical and mental fitness in advanced age.” Gajewski and Falkenstein, European Review of Aging and Physical Activity (2016) 13:1.
“Participation in leisure activities is associated with a reduced risk of dementia, even after adjustment for base-line cognitive status and after the exclusion of subjects with possible preclinical dementia.” Verghese et al., Leisure Activities and the Risk of Dementia in the Elderly, New England Journal of Medicine (2003)348:2508-16.
“Millions of Americans dance, either recreationally or professionally. How many of those who are ballroom dancing, doing the foxtrot, break dancing, or line dancing, realize that they are doing something positive for their bodies—and their brains? Dance, in fact, has such beneficial effects on the brain that it is now being used to treat people with Parkinson’s disease, a progressive neurological movement disorder.” http://www.berkeleywellness.com/fitness/active-lifestyle/article/many-health-benefits-dancing
Includes topics concerning general, specific conditions, and older people benefits of dance: www.bupa.com Keep dancing: the health and well-being of dance for older people (2011).